The Hills that characterize the panorama and morphology in the south of Lake Garda whose heights range from 100 to 250 meters above sea level originated millions and millions of years ago as a result of the advancement and withdrawal phases of the glaciers.
The movement of the glaciers left debris of rocks and other debris called Morene which over time became covered with vegetation and then became fertile ground where today there are vineyards and olive groves, patches of woods, gentle slopes alternating with plains, ponds and resurgences.
The compression between Africa and Eurasia deep above all the great overthrow of the main dolomite, this rock is the oldest in our region. Although it was deposited 203 million years ago, before the others, it should be located at the bottom, on the contrary formal higher mountains like the Caplone and the Tombea are in the upper Garda Bresciano.
The rock formation called selcifero Lombardo is made up of hard, layered, red or green colored flints. A stratified white limestone rock is often in contact with Maiolica and large ammonite fossils are easy to find.
The vegetation is made up of Cypresses, Holm oaks, the Ash trees border the Lake and the cliffs rise, while over 400 m. the Oak is replaced by the Rovella.
Rosemary, Oleander and Capers grow among the shrubs.
At about 1000 meters. altitude oak and hornbeam forests and on the steepest and most arid slopes, the Black Pine and the Silvestre Pine resists.
Above 1500 meters. the domination of the high altitude conifers such as the Peccio and the Larch began, which near the peaks are replaced by the Mugo Pine.
Thanks to the particular microclimate the botany of the lake territories is extremely varied, the coastal area is characterized by Mediterranean species and covering a few km. Alpine flora can be admired.
Historical cultivations of our territory also possible to the particular microclimate: Citrus, Olives, Chestnuts, Mulberries and Laurels..
In One day you can admire what the whole of Italy has to offer.
As the flora is varied thanks to the different climatic bands, so too the fauna.
Among aquatic species worthy of note we have:
The Carpione, the Lake Trout, the Brown Trout, the Perch, the Coregone, the Pike and the Anguilla and it is still possible to find the River Shrimp.
Among the birds we can distinguish between lake and mountain, rare species are found in the latter, such as Il Gallo Cedrone, the Pheasant of Monte and the Eagle.